Nissan Skyline: 1957–present

Discussion in 'Basic Guides' started by Codename.47, Oct 4, 2011.

  1. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    The Nissan Skyline (スカイライン in Japanese) is a line of compact cars and compact executive cars originally produced by the Japanese premium carmaker Prince Motor Company starting in 1955 and subsequently by Nissan after the two companies merged in 1966. It is currently available in either coupé, or sedan body styles, and are most commonly known by their round brake lights, with the station wagon bodystyle being dropped in 1989 with the introduction of the R32 platform.

    Iterations R30 to R34 of the Skyline are still popular tuner cars for Japanese car enthusiasts from the 1980s to today, especially with available features such as straight-6 engines, turbochargers, and the high-performance GT-R trim. While not distributed in the United States, the Skyline's prominence in video games, movies and magazines resulted in many such cars being imported there from 1999 to late 2005, after Motorex petitioned the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to allow 1990–1999 GT-Rs and GTSs to be imported, at the condition that they were modified to meet United States Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
     
  2. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    Alsid i

    The first Skyline was introduced in April 1957, by the Prince Motor Company, and was marketed as a luxury car. It featured a 1.5 L (1482 cc) GA-30 engine producing 44 kW (60 hp) @ 4400 rpm
     

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  3. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    Alsid 2

    ALSID-2

    The Skyline was updated with quad headlights for 1958.

    This model was powered by a slightly altered 1.5 L engine known as the GA-4 OHV (1484 cc) producing about 70 hp (52 kW) @ 4800 rpm and was produced through 1961.

    In 1962, this model was restyled as the S21D/S series
     

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  4. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    BLRA-3

    The Skyline Sport featured hand-built Michelotti bodies in stylish coupe and convertible versions. These cars used the 1.9 L (1862 cc/113 in) GB-30 engine, producing 96 hp (72 kW) and 113.5 ft·lbf (154 N m). While only a few hundred were built, Prince Motors had a very aggressive product placement group and they can be seen (along the company's mainstream models) in many Toho films of the early 1960s.
     

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  5. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    S50

    In 1961 Fuji Precision Industries changed its name to Prince after the 1954 merger, and the S50 series was launched, which like its predecessor, came in sedan and wagon bodystyles. This was the second generation car, and became one of the more desirable cars in Japan. It was powered by the G-1 engine, a 70 hp (52 kW) version of the old GA-4. A 1862 cc engine was also available, delivering 91 hp (68 kW). The S50 series were available with a 3-speed column shift transmission or a 4-speed floor shift transmission, as well as a 4-door sedan (S50) or a 5-door wagon (W50).

    Three models of the S50 were built: S50E (1962–1965), S50E-2 (1965–1966), and S50E-3 (1967). All three used the same engines.
     

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  6. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    S54 Skyline 2000GT

    Prince created a racing GT Skyline in May 1964. It was based on the S54 and used the larger 6-cylinder G-7 engine from the Gloria S41.

    Largely due to the success of the race vehicle, the Prince Skyline 2000GT (also called GT-A, GT-B, S54A and S54B) was released to the Japanese market. There were two versions produced:

    * S54A – 1988 cc G-7 single-carb I6, 105 hp (78 kW)
    * S54B – 1988 cc G-7 triple-carb I6, 125 hp (94 kW)
     

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  7. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    The C10 Skyline was launched with Prince's 1.5 L OHC G15 I4 like the S57. A 1.8 L G18 version was also available.

    A station wagon variant, known previously as the Prince Skyway, was offered with this generation. A hardtop coupé was introduced in October 1970.

    2000GT-X

    In 1971, the KGC10 2000GT-X received a 2.0 L (1998 cc) L20 I6 engine instead of a Prince G-7 engine. The chassis was already designed to receive a straight six, to avoid the S54 extension problem. 120 hp (78 kW) was available from this new engine, in March 1972 Nissan introduced 4 Door Sedan GT-X.

    2000GT

    The following year, the GC10 2000GT received a 2.0 L (1998 cc) L20 I6 engine like the Nissan Cedric instead of a Prince G-7 engine. The chassis was already designed to receive a straight six, to avoid the S54 extension problem. 105 hp (78 kW) was available from this new engine, in 1970 Nissan production Skyline 2000GT Automatic, in October 1970 Nissan introduced 2 Door Coupe.
     

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  8. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    First GT-R

    GT-R

    The first GT-R Skyline appeared in February 1969 Called the PGC-10.
    It used the 2.0 L (1998 cc) S20 I6. This new DOHC engine (which was designed by the former Prince engineers) produced 160 hp (118 kW, 180 N m), and was similar to the GR8 engine used in the Prince R380 racing car.

    The GT-R began as a sedan, but a 2-door coupé version was debuted in October 1970 and introduced in March 1971. The cars were stripped of unnecessary equipment to be as light as possible for racing, and performed well at the track. The sedan racked up 33 victories in less than two years, and the coupé stretched this to 50 through 1972.
     

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  9. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    C110

    The C110 generation was produced from 1972 through 1977.

    For export in the 1970s, the C110 and GC110 Skyline was sold as the Datsun K-series, with models such as the Datsun 160K, 180K and Datsun 240K.

    The body styles were, once again, four-door sedan, two-door hardtop coupé, and five-door station wagon. The C110 was more fussy in its styling than its predecessor, particularly so in wagon form, where unusually for a wagon design, no windows were fitted between the C and D pillars. The C110 was the first version to feature the round rear lights, typical of later Skyline designs.

    GT-R

    The Nissan Skyline GT-R hardtop arrived in September 1972 but only lasted until March 1973, when Nissan ceased its production. The oil crisis saw many people preferring economy cars and high-performance sports cars were looked down upon. Nissan pulled out of Motor Racing, so there was no purpose to the GT-R. It was not officially exported anywhere, although Nissan contemplated exporting to Australia. Only 197 KPGC110 GT-Rs were ever sold in Japan, through specialist Nissan Performance shops (before it was called NISMO). This was the last GT-R for 16 years until the BNR32 in 1989

    Models:

    * 1600 – 1.6 L G16 I4
    * 1800 – 1.8 L G18 I4
    * 2000GT-X – 2.0 L L20A I6, 130 hp (96 kW, 172 N m)
    * 2000GT-R – 2.0 L S20 I6, 160 hp (118 kW, 180 N m)
     

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  10. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    C210

    The succeeding C210/211 and GC210/211 of 1977 continued to split the Skyline range into basic and six-cylinder models, the latter with a longer front end. This line continued through 1981. The Datsun C211 240K/280K and 240C/280C variants continued for export.

    The GT-EX replaced the GT-R with a turbocharged engine, the L20ET. This was the first turbo engine to power a Japanese production vehicle. One notable aspect of the turbo versions was that they were not intercooled and there was no form of blowoff valve, only an emergency pressure release valve.

    The "T" designation on the L16T and L18T does not signify a turbocharger was included; it denotes that those engines came with twin carburetors.

    Models:

    * 1600TI – 1.6 L L16T I4, 95 hp (71 kW, 132 N m)
    * 1800TI – 1.8 L L18T I4, 115 hp (86 kW, 152 N m)
    * 2000GT-EL – 2.0 L L20E I6, 130 hp (97 kW, 167 N m)
    * 2000GT-EX – 2.0 L L20ET turbo I6, 145 hp (108 kW, 206 N m)
     

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  11. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    R30

    The names were brought into line with the home Japanese and worldwide markets with the launch of the R30 series in August 1981, which was built on a C31 Laurel platform

    Various engine configurations were available, initially ranging from the top of the line 103 kW SOHC 6-cylinder turbo L20ET to the 4-cylinder Z18S and 6-cylinder LD28 diesel versions at the other end of the scale
     

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  12. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    DR30 RS-Turbo


    Although making about the same power as the L20ET-powered GT-ES models, the version of the Skyline initially known as the 2000RS was released on October 2, 1981 as more of a stripped-down lightweight racer, without as many luxury extras included (quoted curb weight was only 1,130 kg (2,500 lb)). These were equipped with the naturally aspirated 4-valve per cylinder DOHC FJ20E engine generating 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) of power at 6000 rpm and 181 N·m (133 lb·ft) of torque at 4800 rpm. The official Nissan chassis designation for all FJ20-powered models was DR30.

    Models: (Japan)
    Paul Newman Version bonnet decal

    * 1800TI – 1.8 L Z18S SOHC I4, 105 hp (77 kW), later models 1.8 L CA18S SOHC I4, 105 hp (77 kW)
    * 2000TI – 2.0 L CA20E SOHC I4
    * 2000TI – 2.0 L Z20E SOHC I4
    * 280D GT – 2.8 L LD28 SOHC I6 Diesel
    * 2000GT and Passage – 2.0 L L20E SOHC I6
    * 2000GT Turbo, Passage and Paul Newman Version – 2.0 L L20ET turbo I6, 140 hp (103 kW, 206 N m)
    * RS – 2.0 L FJ20E DOHC I4, 150 hp (112 kW, 181 N m)
    * RS-X and RS-X Turbo C – 2.0 L FJ20ET DOHC turbo I4, 190 to 205 hp (140 to 151 kW, 225 to 245 N m)
     

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  13. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    R31


    Production 1985–1989

    309,716 units sold
    Assembly Musashimurayama, Japan

    Body style
    -4-door sedan
    -4-door hardtop
    -2-door coupe
    -4-door station wagon

    Layout FR layout

    Engine
    -1.8 L CA18I I4
    -2.0 L CA20E I4
    -2.0 L RB20E I6
    -2.0 L RB20ET I6
    -2.0 L RB20DE I6
    -2.0 L RB20DET I6
    -2.0 L RB20DET-R I6
    -3.0 L RB30E I6
    -2.8 L Diesel RD28 I6

    Models

    'Japan'

    * 1800 C, 1800 Excel and 1800 Passage – 1.8 L CA18S SOHC I4, 90 hp (66 kW)
    * GT Excel D, GT Passage D – 2.8 L Diesel RD28 SOHC I6, 92 hp (68 kW, 173 N m)
    * GT Excel, GT Passage – 2.0 L RB20E SOHC I6, 128 hp (96 kW)
    * GT Excel Twin Cam 24V, GT Passage Twin Cam 24V – 2.0 L RB20DE DOHC I6, 155 hp (114 kW)
    * GT Passage Turbo – 2.0 L RB20ET SOHC turbo I6, 167 hp (125 kW, 206 N m)
    * GT Passage Twin Cam 24V Turbo – 2.0 L RB20DET DOHC turbo I6, 180 hp (133 kW, 225 N m)
    * GTS – 2.0 L RB20DE DOHC I6, 155 hp (114 kW)
    * GTS Turbo – 2.0 L RB20DET DOHC I6, 180 hp (133 kW, 225 N m)
    * GTS-X – 2.0 L RB20DET DOHC turbo I6, 190 hp (141 kW, 240 N m)
    * GTS-R – 2.0 L RB20DET-R DOHC turbo I6, 210 hp (154 kW, 245 N m)
    * GTS Autech – 2.0 L RB20DET-R DOHC turbo I6, 210 hp (154 kW, 245 N m)

    'Australia'

    * Pintara – 2.0 L CA20E I4, 102 hp (78 kW, 160 N m)
    * GX, Executive, GXE, Silhouette, Ti – 3.0 L RB30E SOHC I6, 155 hp (114 kW, 247 N m)
    * Silhouette GTS1 – 3.0 L RB30E SOHC I6, 176 hp (130 kW, 255 N m)
    * Silhouette GTS2 – 3.0 L RB30E SOHC I6, 190 hp (140 kW, 270 N m)

    'South Africa'

    * 2.0GL, 2.0GLE – 2.0 L CA20S I4, 106 hp (78 kW, 163 N m)
    * 2.0SGLi – 2.0 L RB20E SOHC I6, 115 hp (85 kW, 174 N m)
    * 3.0SGLi – 3.0 L RB30E SOHC I6, 171 hp (126 kW, 260 N m)
     

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  14. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    R32

    The R32 Skyline debuted in May 1989. It was available as either a 2-door coupe or 4-door hardtop sedan, all other bodystyles were dropped. The R32 featured several versions of the RB-series straight-6 engines, which had improved heads (the twelve port inlet was gone) and used the ECCS (Electronically Concentrated Control System) injection system.

    Engines:
    -1.8 L CA18I I4
    -2.0 L RB20E I6
    -2.0 L RB20DE I6
    -2.5 L RB25DE I6
    -2.0 L RB20DET I6
    -2.6 L RB26DETT I6 (GT-R)

    Models:

    * GXi Type-X – 1.8 L CA18i I4, 91 hp (67 kW)
    * GTE Type-X – 2.0 L RB20E I6, 125 hp (93 kW, 152 N m)
    * GTS Type-X, S, J – 2.0 L RB20DE I6 155 hp (115 kW, 154 N m)
    * GTS-25 Type-X, S, XG – 2.5 L RB25DE I6, 180 hp (134 kW, 231 N m)
    * GTS-t, Type-M – 2.0 L RB20DET turbo I6, 212 hp (158 kW, 265 N m)
    * GTS-4 – 2.0 L RB20DET turbo I6, 212 hp (158 kW, 265 N m) 4WD
    * Autech GTS-4 – 2.6 L RB26DE I6, 217 hp (162 kW, Autech Version – auto only) 4WD
    * GT-R – 2.6 L RB26DETT twin-turbo I6, 276 hp (280ps) (206 kW, 368 N m) 4WD also NISMO,N1, V-Spec, and V-Spec II variants.
    * NISMO S-Tune
     

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  15. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    R33

    The R33 Skyline was introduced in August 1993. Slightly heavier than the R32, it is available in coupe and sedan bodystyles. All models now used a 6-cylinder engine. Nissan took the unusual step of down-grading the GTS model to have only the RB20E, while the twin-cam of the R32 GTS was discontinued along with the 2.0 L turbo RB20DET.

    Some models came equipped with a new version of the HICAS 4-wheel steering system called Super HICAS


    Production 1993–1998

    217,133 units sold

    Body style 4-door sedan/2-door coupe

    Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive

    Engine
    -2.0 L RB20E I6
    -2.5 L RB25DE I6
    -2.5 L RB25DET I6
    -2.6 L RB26DETT I6 (GT-R)
    -2.8 L RBX-GT2 I6 (400R)

    Transmission

    4-speed automatic
    5-speed manual
    5-speed automatic

    Models:

    * HR33 GTS – 2.0 L RB20E SOHC I6, 130 PS (96 kW, 172 N m)
    * ER33 GTS-25 – 2.5 L RB25DE DOHC I6, 190 PS (140 kW, 231 N m)
    * ENR33 GTS-4 – 2.5 L RB25DE DOHC I6, 190 PS (140 kW, 231 N m) 4WD
    * ECR33 GTS-25t – 2.5 L RB25DET DOHC turbo I6, 250 PS (184 kW, 294 N m)

    GT-R

    Models:

    * GT-R – 2.6 L RB26DETT DOHC twin-turbo I6, 305 PS (224 kW, 375 N m) (advertised as 280 PS) 4WD
    * GT-R LM – 2.6 L RB26DETT DOHC twin-turbo I6, 305 PS (224 kW) FR
    * NISMO 400R – 2.8 L RBX-GT2 DOHC twin-turbo I6, 400 PS (294 kW, 478 N m) 4WD
    * 4Dr.GT-R Autech Version – 2.6 L RB26DETT DOHC twin-turbo I6, 305 PS (224 kW, 375 N m) (advertised as 280 PS) 4WD
     

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  16. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    R34

    In May 1998, after sales of the Nissan Skyline plummeted from the release of the R33 chassis the EN34, HR34, ER34 and BNR34 addressed many of the concerns over the change from the R33, with more emphasis on sportiness, and marked the introduction of the more fuel-efficient and environmentally-friendly RB25DET NEO engine.Also the front end was re-arranged from the R33 unattractive front end and was aimed more towards the R32 style to draw people back into the "skyline world"

    Image:

    [​IMG]

    GT NA/Single turbo Models:

    * GT – 2.0/2.5 L RB20DE NEO I6, 155 ps (114 kW)
    * 25 GT, GT-X, GT-V – 2.5 L RB25DE NEO I6, 200 ps (147 kW)
    * GT-FOUR – 2.5 L RB25DE NEO I6, 200 ps (147 kW) 4WD
    * GT-T – 2.5 L RB25DET NEO turbo I6, 280 hp (206 kW, 343 N m)

    GT-R R34

    The GT-R reappeared in 1999, with a revised chassis and other updates. The R34 turbos received a ball bearing core. The R34 N1 turbos had a metal exhaust wheel, and ball bearing center section. A 6-speed Getrag gearbox was used. The turbo outlet pipes were changed from cast to formed metal outlets. The intercooler had a temperature probe in the V-spec models.

    Models: (all 4WD)

    * GT-R – 2.6 L RB26DETT twin-turbo I6, 332 PS (244 kW, 392 Nm) (advertised as 276)[24]
    * GT-R V-Spec – Additional aero parts, brake ventilation ducts, diffuser, LSD.
    * GT-R V-Spec II – As above + carbon fibre hood with NACA duct.
    * GT-R N1 – Blueprinted N1 motor, no A/C, no stereo, no rear wiper, basic interior trim. (only 45 made)
    * GT-R M-Spec – Leather interior, softer suspension with "Ripple Control" dampers, heated seats.
    * GT-R V-Spec II Nür – As above V-Spec II + N1 motor, 300 km/h speedo. (only 750 made)
    * GT-R M-Spec Nür – As above M-Spec + N1 motor, 300 km/h speedo. (only 253 made)
    * GT-R NISMO S-tune
    * GT-R NISMO R-tune
    * GT-R NISMO Z-tune – 2.8 L (bored and stroked) RB26DETT Z2 twin-turbo I6, 500 PS (368 kW, 540 Nm) Z1 and Z2 (Only 20 made)
     

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  17. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    V35/G35

    Also called New Generation Skyline / Infiniti G35
    Production sedan: 2001–2006
    coupe: 2003–2007

    Body style 4-door sedan/2-door coupe
    Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
    Platform Nissan FM platform

    Engine
    2.5 L VQ25DD V6
    3.0 L VQ30DD V6
    3.5 L VQ35DE V6
    Transmission 5-speed automatic
    6-speed manual
    CVT Continuously Variable Transmission


    The 11th generation (V35) Nissan Skyline, introduced in June 2001, was based on Nissan's FM platform, shared with the Nissan 350Z. The Nissan Skyline used a front-midship engine (VQ35DE), rear-wheel drive layout (four wheel drive was available for the sedan) to achieve a 52%/48% weight distribution. The V35 was the first Skyline made for export to the United States. There it was sold under the company's luxury brand, Infiniti as the Infiniti G35.

    The V35 broke with Skyline tradition. There was no straight-6, no turbo, and no GT-R, a decision which extended to all later Skylines.

    Models:

    * 250GT – 2.5 L VQ25DD V6, 215 PS (158 kW, 270 N m)
    * 250GT Four – 2.5 L VQ25DD V6, 215 PS (158 kW, 270 Nm) 4WD
    * 300GT – 3.0 L VQ30DD V6, 260 PS (191 kW, 324 N m)
    * 350GT-8 – 3.5 L VQ35DE V6, 272 PS (200 kW, 353 N m)
    * 350GT Coupe – 3.5 L VQ35DE V6, 280 PS (206 kW, 363 N m)
     

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  18. Dhhawal

    Dhhawal New Member

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    i thoroughly believe that the skyline name should only belong to thorough breds, and the gtr belongs to the best of the breed, amazing collection rahul...apparently i think you've still got the skyline virus in you..keep it up..!
     
  19. Codename.47

    Codename.47 Guest

    haha thanks bro
    one of my mate is after a skyline and he doesnt really know about any car
    he said he wants a V35 cuz it got a good leather interior. I asked him do you want a speed or a interior cuz V35 isnt a skyline as it doesnt have a RB
     

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